English translation of. Holy Akaranga Sutra. English translation by Hermann Jacobi taken from Contents: Introduction. Akaranga Sutra: First Book: 1. Knowledge of the weapon. 2. Conquest of the world. 3. Hot and cold. 4. Righteousness. 5. Essence of the. Gaina Sutras, Part I – The Akaranga Sutra, The Kalpa Sutra [transl; F. Max Muller Hermann Jacobi] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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Those who are not given to sinful acts are nevertheless attacked by calamities; but then the steadfast will bear them.

Professor Max Muller sums up his discussion on that point by saying: Of most of the details the Gainas of later times knew nothing beyond what they found in the Kalpa Sutra itself,—and that is unfortunately stura little,—nor did they pretend to anything more. He sometimes lodged in travellers halls, gardenhouses, or towns; sometimes on a burying-ground, in relinquished houses, or at the foot of a tree.

Yet the question whether the Buddhists or the Gainas were the borrowers, would still remain an open one. That which you consider worth subjugating is like yourself.

Akaranga Sutra | Great Thoughts Treasury

I shall beg for a third robe. He should after consideration say: He knows the connection of the whirl of births and the Current of sensation with love and hate. Then at one time, his manifold savings are a large treasure.

For, in his opinion, ‘the self-conscient and continuous existence of the sect since that remote epoch, i. Since that time he was recognised as omniscient, as a prophet of the Gainas, or a Tirthakara, and had the titles Gina, Mahavira, which were also given to Sakyamuni.

If turned off, he should go. A person who has no desires, cherishes pity. He who knows these causes of sin relating to animals, is called a reward-knowing sage. Knowing as long as be lives the dangers and troubles, the wise and restrained ascetic should bear them as being instrumental to the dissolution of the body. The condition of living beings arises from karman.

I do not deny that in developing this theory one sect was influenced by the other; but I firmly believe that it cannot be made out which of the two sects first invented, or borrowed from the Brahmans, this theory. But they may circumspectly do so, after having got the owner’s permission, and having examined and swept it.


At last they disappeared, not by an intentional neglect, I presume, but because the new canon set into clearer light the Gaina doctrines, and put them forward more systematically than had been done in the controversial aksranga of the Purvas.

shtra A monk or a nun, wading through shallow water in a straight line, should not plunge in deeper water for the sake of pleasure or the heat; but they should circumspectly wade through the shallow water in a straight line.

One free from passions understands perfectly the bright one, knowing birth in the upper and nether regions. That is the fifth rule for begging food.

The same must be assumed of at least some prose sentences, especially those which are incomplete suhra themselves. He who, in the world, comprehends and renounces these causes of sin, is called a reward-knowing sage muni. There is nothing secure from the mouth of death.

A mendicant should thus refuse a householder of good sense and ripe age – O long-lived householder!

Acharanga Sutra

That is the doctrine of the clever one Mahavira. They do not cross the flood [2], nor can they cross it; they do not go to the next shore, nor can they go to it; they do not go to aoaranga opposite shore, nor can they surra to it. But those who are teachers, have said: But when the hot season has come, one should leave off the used-up clothes; one should be clad with one or no garment-aspiring to freedom from bonds.

But they have misrepresented the matter in overrating the real state of things, just as the Buddhists did with regard to Kapilavastu and Suddhodana.

And a fool who longs for life, and worldly-minded [2], laments that for these worldly suyra penance, self-restraint, and control do not avail, will ignorantly come to grief. I, 4, 1, 3 we read, aho ya rao gatamane dhire; this is a Pada of a Trishtubh, and accordingly a quotation. Let that not be your case! He whose mind is always wavering, does not reach abstract contemplation.

He is called a hero who liberates the bound, above, below, and suttra the sideward directions. Hence the above has been said for the increase of this life [3]. He is an apostate ascetic! A monk or a nun sleeping in a perfectly pure bed or couch should have placed it at such a distance from the next one’s that they do not touch aiaranga neighbour’s hand, foot, or body with their own hand, foot, or body; and not touching it, should circumspectly sleep in their aakaranga pure bed or couch.


Looking up, down, aside, eastward, be sees colours, hearing he hears sounds; 2 longing upwards, down, aside, eastward, he becomes attached to colours and sounds. For the sutrw of these occasions to sin there are four rules, according to which the mendicant should beg for a couch.

Some kill aakaranga because they have been wounded by them, or are wounded, or will be wounded. The Gaina monks also carry sticks, at least now-a-days, though I remember no passage in the Pitakas expressly allowing the use of a stick. Acharanga Sutra describes lack of clothes as being in full conformity of with Jain doctrine AS 1. He probably arranged the already existing MSS.

He travelled in the pathless country of the Udhas, in Vaggabhumi and Subbhabhumi; he used there miserable beds and miserable seats. I have never dared to do so when they could not be proved to be parts of verses. If a monk or a nun perceive in their surta transports of corn, waggons, cars, a friendly or hostile army, some encamped troops, they should, in case there be a byway, circumspectly choose it, and not walk on straight. There are as many asravas as there are parisravas, and there are ssutra many parisravas as there are asravas.

jaina akaranga sutra

A monk or a nun on the pilgrimage, with their feet soiled with mud, should not, in order that the grass might take off the mud from the feet, walk out of the aakaranga and destroy the grass by cutting, trampling, and tearing it. Not enlightened about the akarsnga of these ills he is afflicted by themalways turns round in the whirl of birth and death. But they were in existence already some centuries before that time.

Similarly,some know that their soul is born again and again, that it arrives in this or that direction, whatever direction that may be. Some do not remember what preceded the present:

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