PDF | On Jan 1, , Piotr Gąsiorowski and others published Review of Katamba, Francis. An introduction to phonology. An introduction to phonology /​ Francis Katamba. Author. Katamba, Francis, Published. London ; New York: Longman, Content Types. text. An Introduction to Phonology has 29 ratings and 3 reviews. This is a practical introduction to generative phonology for the novice, reflecting the trends.

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Which phoneme a particular sound heard in speech belongs to entirely depends on the language kaatmba which it occurs.

T o take another example, [1] is the only lateral allowed in English. So it is in phonology. For a rounded vowel, the higher the tongue is, the greater the degree of lip rounding.

I invite you now to determine which of the segments in each pair below is marked less natural. A simple example like [3. Although they are not made in the front of the mouth, glottals are not back because, by the definition given in SPE, only sounds produced with the tongue pulled back from neutral position are back.

For example, although the phonological systems of different languages are governed by different rules, the variation which occurs does, for the most part, fall within certain parameters.

The parameters high, mid and low enable one to distinguish three degrees of vowel height as you can see in [i. But, in word-final position, introducton and [g] do not contrast. In some languages a vowel is devoiced when it occurs between voiceless conson- ants.

In many languages, introductlon behave in part as though they were stops and in part as though they were fricatives. You know how to convey knowledge in a way that is relevant and relatable to your class.

Yet phinology, like Italian, Kikuyu and Efik have four degrees of aperture and a seven-member vowel system. The consonants in the suffixes -s, -z, -iz; -t, -d, -id that figure in English voice assimilation are either frica- tives or stops. Refresh and try again.


Initially, like his father and grandfather, he was inter- ested in clinical applications of phonetics, but later he realised that phonetics had other uses.

Vowels produced with the highest point of the hump in the tongue close to the roof of the mouth are said to be HIGH and those produced with the highest point of the hump in the tongue barely rising above the floor of the mouth are said to be LOW; the intermediate kntroduction is referred to as MID. We were unable to find this edition in any bookshop we are able to search. Alex- ander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone, was a Scottish phonetician, like his father and grandfather before him.

But I have restricted the exposition to generative phonology for two reasons.

Thus, for instance, four-member vowel systems such as those in [2. It is generally agreed in principle that stress need not be binary. There, every stop has a corresponding fricative, every voiced oral stop has a corresponding nasal one, and every voiced stop and fricative has a corresponding voiceless one: We can notify you when this item is back in stock.

Actors need to be convincing mimics of a wide range of accents.

Mt Gravatt Campus Library. Suggested answers are included within each chapter.

An introduction to phonology / Francis Katamba. – Version details – Trove

Garrett rated it liked it Jul 21, intrdouction Again observe the position of your tongue and jaw. Referring to the International Phonetic Alphabet in [1. It undergoes partial devoicing when i m m e d i – ately preceded by voiceless stops but not when it is preceded by voiced ones: Circle the segments which are: For the most part, phonological alternation in the shape of a mor- pheme has a phonetic motivation and that motivation tends to be similar in different languages.

Members of a language-community have to learn to produce and perceive the psychological ‘target-value’ of various phonetic dimensions which their language uses to distinguish word meanings: By using our website you agree to our use of cookies. Essential aspects of the theory will be introduced, where necessary.


Introducion hear a range of physically different sounds in English, such as those described above, which we recognise as being functionally non-distinct. It is being a through an examination of the nature of sound ‘segments’, syllable, tone, stress, and intonation in numerous languages.

Homorganic nasal assimilation also applies in English, albeit somewhat sporadically. Meaning in Interaction Jenny A. Normally, sounds which are phonetically similar display similar phonological behaviour.

The term ‘liquid’ is conventionally used to refer to T and ‘r’-like sounds. Study the data and answer the questions which follow: I have in mind rules like the one which optionally inserts [r] between vowels within a word as in draw r ing for drawing or across a word boundary as in the idea r is for the idea is.

However, the latter part introducton the book is devoted to topics of current interest. Acoustic phonetics and phonology are both central disciplines in the production of synthesised speech and the decoding of spoken language using computers.

An Introduction to Phonology

Contents Introduction to phonetics The phoneme Distinctive features Phonological representations Phonological processes Naturalness and strength Interaction between rules The abstractness of underlying representations The syllable Multi-tiered phonology Stress and intonation Phonology in the wider context. Where in addition to a main stress there is a secondary stress, you can mark it with a lowered vertical line, e. Chapter 2 The phoneme 2. It is a rule that applies more generally to English suffixes consisting of plosives or fricatives i.

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