Cistanche phelypaea, Cistanche: pictures, habitat, locations, blooming times and identification guide. Image of Cistanche phelypaea. Cistanche phelypaea Trusted. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA PDF | On Jan 1, , T. Dayama and others published Constituents of Cistanche phelypaea.
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Cistanche is a worldwide genus of holoparasitic desert plants in the family Orobanchaceae. They lack chlorophyll and obtain nutrients and water from the host plants whose roots they parasitize. Along with other members of the genus, Cistanche deserticola is the primary source of the Chinese herbal medicine cistanche Chinese: The main sources of cistanche are Cistanche salsa and Cistanche deserticolaalthough it may also be obtained from Cistanche tubulosaCistanche cistanfheand Cistanche ambigua.
The drug, known in Chinese as suosuo dayunis collected in spring before sprouting, by slicing the stems of the plant. Cistanche deserticola has been placed on CITES Appendix 2, a list of endangered species not banned from trade but requiring monitoring. With increased consumption of cistanche, the population of the species has decreased and its area of distribution has shrunk.
Aside from over-collection or indiscriminate collection, an important factor in the diminished supply of cistanche is a loss of the saxaul host, Haloxylon ammodendronwhich is widely used for firewood.
Ciatanche has been used as a medicine for about years and is recorded in the Shennong Bencao Jing and Bencao Gangmu as a tonic. Most of the medicinal claims have never been evaluated through clinical testing, and those claims that have been examined under controlled medical study are not supported. Growing in arid climates, cistanche is a parasitic plant that connects to the conductive system of a host, extracting water and nutrients from the roots of the host plant. Cistanche is native to the Taklimakan desert region of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region northwest China where it grows on host desert plants tamarix and haloxylon ammodendron.
A variety of pharmacological effects of extracts or chemical compounds isolated from different costanche of Cistanche have been reported in in vitro studies or in rodent models. The chemical constituents which may be responsible for these effects include acteosideechinacosideand cistanosides ABCDEFG and H.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Cistanche Cistanche tubulosa Scientific classification Kingdom: This section with questionable factual accuracy needs more medical references for verification or relies too heavily on primary sources.
Please review the contents of the section and add the appropriate references if you can. Unsourced or poorly sourced material may be challenged and removed. An In Depth Analysis http: Journal of Chromatography A. American Journal of Chinese Medicine.
Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology. Retrieved from ” https: Orobanchaceae Lamiales genera Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine.
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