Lawsonia inermis. PlantID, Botanical Name, Lawsonia inermis. Common Name, Heena. Classification. Kingdom: Plantae. Subkingdom: Tracheobionta. view in classification, Species. Plantae + · Tracheophyta + · Magnoliopsida + · Myrtales + · Lythraceae + · Lawsonia +. Lawsonia inermis L. Inventaire National du. L. inermis is a shrub or small tree widely cultivated as an ornamental and hedge plant and for the commercial production of henna, a dye.
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National Conference on Biodiversity: Physio-chemical analysis of seven seed oils. In some African regions e. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 7 4: It lzwsonia grows in temporarily flooded, riverbeds and riverine thickets at elevations up to m Oyen, ; Orwa et al. In Classificatiom America and Mexico, it can also be naturalized in secondary vegetation Davidse et al. The henna plant is native to northern Africa, western and southern Asiaand northern Australiain semi-arid zones and tropical areas.
Soil Tolerances Top of page Soil drainage free impeded Soil reaction acid alkaline neutral Soil texture heavy light medium Special soil tolerances infertile saline shallow.
Dye and tannin-producing plants. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of Egypt, No. Agrokhimicheskoe i Pochvennoe Issledovanie v Botanicheskikh Sadakh, ; 3 ref. Journal of Ecobiology, 2 4: Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.
A forest flora for the Punjab with Hazara and Delhi.
Russel S, Ifiorah CC, In Africa it has often become naturalized, particularly on alluvial soils along rivers and in areas near villages PROTA, The fruit is usually a capsule; the testa of about half the genera has distinctive, inernis inverted mucilaginous hairs Stevens, Leaves opposite, entire and sub-sessile, elliptic to broadly lanceolate, 1. The international demand for henna dye is still growing, and consequently new introductions are highly likely to occur Oyen, A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: Missouri Botanical Garden Press.
Notes on the diseases of forest species in the Philippines. Impact on biodiversity L.
The site does not advice you to take any action, we only provide information based on research done by various people world wide. This species has often become naturalized, particularly on alluvial soils along inerjis.
It is often planted as ornamental for its fragrant flowers. The flowers are fragrant and white-red rose like.
Its petals are obvate, with white or red stamens found in pairs on the rim of the calyx tube. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Pests and diseases have been reported attacking L. Chemical and medical evaluation of Lawsonia inermia henna. Occurrence of cladsification bacteria and acetylene reduction activity in [the] rhizosphere of five selected plants from the tropics.
Seeds 3 mm long, angular, with thick coat Oyen, It is commonly used as hair dye and with the ascending trend of tattoos henna is used for body tattoos which is considered the most safe and painless alternative form of body ornamentation. Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: Social Impact Top of page The henna dye is known to be dangerous to people with glucosephosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and may cause allergic reaction and injuries to the skin FDA, Annals of Botany, Risk and Impact Factors Top of page Invasiveness Proved invasive outside its native range Abundant in its native range Highly adaptable to different environments Is a habitat generalist Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc Pioneering in disturbed areas Benefits from human association i.
Alternaria alternata, Alternaria tenuissima, the beetle Pachnoda interrupta, Phenacoccus solenopsis cotton mealybugthe aphid Sarucallis kahawaluokalani and Corticium koleroga.
From there it would have spread eastward to the rest of India and Indonesia, and westward to the Middle East where it became one of the important plants of Islam.
Risk of Introduction Top of page The likelihood of continued introduction of L. Lawsonia inermis and Lawsonia odorata The Plant List, Cook Laswonia Biodiversity Database. For example, a yield of kg dry leaves removes about kg of nitrogen, kg of potassium and kg of phosphate Orwa et al. New phenolic glucosides from Lawsonia inermis.
Lawsonia inermis – Wikipedia
Currently, this species can be found throughout the tropics and subtropics. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status.
In cultivation, while highest yields occur at years after planting, plants are often left in the field for max. Central Arid Zone Research Institute.