David Woodruff Smith, Husserl, Routledge, , pp., $ (pbk), ISBN Reviewed by Wayne M. Martin, University of. Rich phenomenological description or interpretation, as in Husserl, .. Two recent collections address these issues: David Woodruff Smith and. Husserl by David Woodruff-Smith, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.
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The historical movement of phenomenology is the philosophical tradition launched in the first half of the 20 th century by Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Jean-Paul Sartre, et al.
It is a timeless, abstract, “ideal” entity, constituted as the entity it is in part by its relations to other such idealities — e. Terrell, and Linda L. Finally, the author assesses the significance and implications of Husserl’s work for contemporary philosophy of mind and cognitive science. I stroke a backhand cross-court with that certain underspin.
Phenomenology came into its own with Husserl, much as epistemology came into its own with Descartes, and ontology or metaphysics came into its own wooeruff Aristotle on the heels of Plato. Or is dvaid present also in cognitive experiences of thinking such-and-such, or of perception bearing conceptual as well as sensory content, or also eoodruff volitional or conative bodily action? Like Frege’s appeal to the “Third Realm” and Lotze’s seductive invocation of ” die Ideenwelt ” “The World of Ideas”, the theme of an elegant and influential essay incorporated into his LogicHusserl addresses the various smtih of semantics by postulating a realm of non-physical objects, which in turn play the role of truth-makers in logical and phenomenological investigations.
For my purposes here I confine my attention to three, considering in each case how Smith handles some of Husserl’s nitty gritty. By contrast, my experience belongs to the experiential species Seeing-A-Tree or if only we spoke this way Perceptio arboretus. In Husserlian ontology, a real object has spatio-temporal location; numbers and propositions and Middle C assuredly do not. I shall return presently to the important issue about how ideal entities can be “tied to a real object”, but we should first take stock of just how far this strategy goes in extricating Husserl from the anomaly over his apparent Platonism.
Jack rated it it was amazing Dec 16, Traditionally, philosophy includes at least four core fields or disciplines: Cultural theory offers analyses of social activities and their impact on experience, including ways language shapes our thought, emotion, and motivation.
So where does this leave us? Again, see Kriegel and Williford eds. Including a timeline, glossary and extensive suggestions for further reading, Husserl is essential reading for anyone interested in this eminent philosopher, phenomenology or twentieth-century philosophy. The central structure of an experience is its intentionality, its being directed toward something, as it is an experience of or about some object.
The type may be timeless and abstract, but it is nonetheless present in each of its tokens and accordingly available for study by finite human beings with the power of abstraction. Studies of issues of phenomenology in connection with cognitive science and neuroscience, pursuing the integration of the disciplines, thus combining classical phenomenology with contemporary natural science.
Phenomenology offers descriptive analyses of mental phenomena, while neuroscience and wider biology and ultimately physics offers models of explanation of what causes or gives rise to mental phenomena. In a certain technical sense, phenomena are things as they are given to our consciousness, whether in perception or imagination or thought or volition.
Husserl : David Woodruff-Smith :
It is just at this point, I think, that Husserl’s sympathizers face a dilemma, brought into sharp relief by Smith’s precise and synoptic accounting. What is the form of that phenomenal character we find in consciousness? Basically, phenomenology studies the structure of various types of experience ranging from perception, thought, memory, imagination, emotion, desire, and volition to bodily awareness, embodied action, and social activity, including linguistic activity.
Metaphysics and Epistemology in Continental Philosophy. When Hindu and Buddhist philosophers reflected on states of consciousness achieved in a variety of meditative states, they were practicing phenomenology.
For Husserl, the answers to these and a host of other questions are framed with reference to “ideal” entities: Phenomenology studies conscious experience as experienced, analyzing the structure—the types, intentional forms and meanings, dynamics, and certain enabling conditions—of perception, thought, imagination, emotion, and volition and action.
But the book fulfills its aims admirably, providing an advanced introductory survey of the whole of Husserl’s vast empire, together with provocative and illuminating interventions on a number of important particular points and disputes.
I wish that warm rain from Mexico were falling like last week. Phenomenology might play a role in ethics by offering analyses of the structure of will, valuing, happiness, and care for others in empathy and sympathy. We all experience various types of experience including perception, imagination, thought, emotion, desire, volition, and action. The chestnut tree I see is, for Sartre, such a phenomenon in my consciousness.
In his Logical Investigations —01 Husserl outlined a complex system of philosophy, moving from logic to philosophy of language, smtih ontology theory of universals and parts of wholesto a phenomenological theory of intentionality, and finally to a phenomenological theory of knowledge.
By contrast, a sense represents or means an object, that is, it semantically or sjith prescribes an object, and often prescribes it as having certain ‘determinations’ or properties. In Ideas I Husserl presented phenomenology with a transcendental turn.
Phenomenology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Melina rated it really liked it Dec 15, For despite all the elegance of the early position, there was indeed an important sense in which it remained unsatisfying. James Dodd – – Man and World 29 4: How does consciousness bear intentional content? Instantiation is part of the structure of essences in general, while semantic hussegl is part of the structure of intentionality, quite a davjd feature of the world. However, an explicitly phenomenological approach to ethics emerged in the works of Emannuel Levinas, a Lithuanian phenomenologist who heard Husserl and Heidegger in Freiburg before moving to Paris.