From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application. ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application to all spheres of life, .

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Powerful stuff, and frightening, but vital and useful, too.

Marxism was considered a scientific theory in the level of Darwin’s by its followers, with the triumph of socialism an inevitable result of the laws of nature. As the philosophers and scientists who represent the clergy of the Church of Reason would have it, this demystification served to free humanity from irrational dogma and superstition — we have become Enlightened.

He details the difference between objectivesubjective and instrumental reason, and states that we have moved from the former through the center and into the latter though subjective and instrumental reason are closely connected. Please try again later. I am not very far through the book and Horkheimer is so far unspecific about what this entails in practice but instead articulates it as an idea that has fallen out of use. Sir Francis Bacon’s dictum “knowledge is power” is the essence of instrumental reason.

Shortly after Hitler was named Chancellor inthe Institute in Frankfurt was closed and its building seized by the Gestapo. Amazon Rapids Fun stories for kids on the go.

Max Horkheimer (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Horkjeimer and its Other: Max Horkheimer in Continental Philosophy. The Pursuit of Liberal Education. That work with Adorno would also produce Dialectic of Enlightenmenta collaborative text that was first published inafter having been distributed as a limited edition typescript in Through rationalization, philosophical concepts have become streamlined and stripped of complexity, which is necessary to the discovery of truth.

Horkheimer clearly did not believe that compassion and the desire to overcome suffering could, on their own, motivate social change.


It seems that even as technical knowledge expands the horizon of man’s thought and activity, his autonomy as an individual, his elipse to resist the growing apparatus of mass manipulation, his power of imagination, his independent judgment appear to be reduced. Lenin and others who thought a undeveloped nation like Russia could establish socialism, the revolution would eventually succeed on eclispe international level. Dialectic of Enlightenment But as those facts are misconstrued through formalism, the upshot of the critique is the same; actual social existence has not been adequately incorporated mwx theory because of the creation of a false universal.

Continue shopping Checkout Continue shopping. The critiques of culture and the march of industry are still incredibly applicable, too. Objective reason conceives of a highly idealized, ordered, hierarchical universe that is static and immutable; progress cannot occur in this worldview. Horkheimer eclopse believes that reason ate itself. Studies in the Development of Critical TheoryB. Horkheimer and his like, however, exist as an absolutely essential foil to orthodox culture and theory.

Trivia About Eclipse of Reason. Learn more about Amazon Prime. Subjective reason coincides with the rise of capitalism and individualism, with the breakdown of traditional modes of being.

The interpretation of the Odyssey in Excursus I serves as a concrete example of horkgeimer point. No, cancel Yes, report it Thanks! A Farewell to Truth. This is noted in the very beginning of the text: It is thus highly critical of positivism and the idea that practicality is the highest good. This is the first time I read Horkheimer or any of the Frankfurt School directly, and I can already see how pessimistic their worldview is.

Mabbott – – Philosophy 23 With logos —a word that becomes especially charged for me around Christmas and whose religious connotations are certainly intertwined with the idea of objectivity.

Literary Encyclopedia | Eclipse of Reason

We placed our faith in science, and science repaid us in kind with the most ruthlessly effective means of wholesale destruction of human life ever imagined. Despite this, Max and Maidon would marry in and remain together until her hlrkheimer in Wiggerschausp. James Maffie – – Erkenntnis 43 1: The very notion of the subject rwason introspection is not formalizable and so useless and meaningless. This type of reason may be called subjective reason. As Zizek says, today it is easier for us to imagine the end of global human society than it is to imagine a significant shift away from the global neoliberal capitalist order – the perfect example of how denuded and debilitated our reason has become under the onslaught of the insidious ideologies or rational production and domination.

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The title should be at least 4 characters long. Mar 23, Mack Hayden rated it it was amazing Shelves: Unfortunately in the hands of Marxists, such pessimism turns into defeatism and the regressive ideology of political correctness aka cultural Marxism which the Frankfurt school helped found.

You’ve successfully reported this review. Chi ama i libri sceglie Kobo e inMondadori. The critiques of science and positivism make the same basic points. The Horkhsimer School on Religion. The subjugation of nature will revert to subjugation of man, and vice versa, as long as man does not understand his own reason and the basic process by which he has created and is maintaining the antagonism that is about to destroy him. I think I looked at the copyri This was a great read.

Amazon Second Chance Pass it on, trade it in, give it a second life. I’m not totally sold on the soundness of the argument, but I think I get it.

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The only “universal” value of subjective reason is self-preservation. Social philosophy must connect with the practical aim of alleviating suffering.

But Horkheimer and other western Marxists, especially in the Frankfurt School which he was a f I decided to read Horkheimer because of his interest in Arthur Schopenhauer, a philosopher usually not dear to those in the Marxist tradition given his intense personal hatred of Hegel and the association with Nietzsche and the Nazis.

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