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Chapter 11 contains information on minesweeping procedures. Tactical-obstacle effects Mine-Warfare Principles C2, FM Minefield Variables First, it is important to understand how the variables relate to minefield effects. Even though the crew is killed, the drive train may be undamaged and the vehicle may continue to move.
They can also beemplaced individually or in groups to operwtions an enemy force. The mixture of mines is fixed and cannot be altered. The V formed by a funnel marker forces the platoon into a column and helps drivers and tank commanders make last-minute adjustments before entering a lane. There is no guarantee that phony minefields will achieve their purpose.
FM 20-32 Mine/Countermine Operations
Mines generally consist of the following parts Figurepage Upon detonation, the cone collapses and forms a metal slug and a gaseous metal jet that penetrate the target. Exploit the capabilities of other weapon systems by delaying enemy forces in an engagement area EA.
Tactical obstacles attack enemy maneuver and are placed on the battlefield where the enemy maneuvers from march, prebattle, and attack formations. When only one ground delivery system is used, the crew must wait 4 minutes after dispensing the first strip before dispensing the second strip.
The emplacing vehicles work toward the safe lane. Minefield marking — Obstacle is more likely to provide the desired effect.
The first step in arming is a self-test to ensure proper circuitry. AH D incorporating a release mechanism gure I n short, the minefield must discourage any attempts to breach and must entice the enemy to bypass rather than reduce.
FM Mine/Countermine Operations :: Military Publications – Field Manuals – USAHEC
I n a theater of operations TOtheater commanders have the authority to emplace obstacles. In many cases, the SD period may be set at only a few hours.
Lane closure XI C2 Page igure8-l. The mines are transported to a mine dump using a combination of engineer and TF haul assets that are normally under the control of the emplacing engineer.
Probability of Encounter The probability of encounter is measured by the chance in percent that a vehicle, blindly moving through a minefield, will detonate a mine. A fix effect may be used to generate the time necessary for the force to break contact and disengage as the enemy maneuvers into the area typically used for delays. Due to the Scatterable Mines and Mine Delivery Systems C2, FM weight of the system, it will normally be transported by vehicle, as close as possible to the emplacement site, where it can easily be hand-emplaced by four soldiers using the four foldout carrying handles.
MOPMS in a fix minefield MOPMS can be used to construct turn and block tactical minefields using the principles outlined in Chapter 2; however, turn and block minefields require more containers than are normally available to a unit.
Mine-roller width compared to track-vehicle widths A lethal minefield that is covered by intense fires and has an easily detectable bypass reduces breach decisions to instinct and causes the enemy to choose the bypass turn. NATO standard marker gure Even though the crew is killed, the drive train may be undamaged and the vehicle may continue to move. This planning is directive and detailed in nature and focuses on the determination of obstacle groups and the type and amount of prepared positions.
NATO lane-marking conversion gure Standardizing the marking pattern is critical to offensive operations. Hornet reinforcing a Volcano minefield gure The warhead penetrates the vehicle’s belly armor, and spalling metal from the vehicle caused by the mine blast kills occupants instantly.
The fuse is actuated by an initiating action. The breach force looks for mines, wire, and other minefield indicators. The sweep team focuses on identifying immediate risks to traffic, neutralizing those risks, and continuing on with the mission.
The list is organized using the Battlefield Operating System BOS because it provides a logical sequence and a framework that is easily remembered.
For example, mines with a 4-hour SD time will actually start self-destructing at 3 hours and 12 minutes. The mines are laid so that they are easy to detect and recover by the laying unit.
Technical inspections of minefields are normally done at three-month intervals. The provisions of this publication support existing doctrine established by FMs,and Even when the decision is made to conduct a counntermine, scouts should continue to reconnoiter for bypass routes.
Mine/Countermine Operations FM 20-32 C2
Probability of encounter also depends on the fuse capability of the mines. They can be deployed by fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, artillery, manpack, or ground vehicles.
Their composition in tactical minefields depends on the threat and the enemy’s reduction assets. In FigurepagetheAA is 1, meters wide, the tactical-obstacle effect is to turn the enemy, and the resource factor is 1.
Space the warning signs 10 to 50 meters apart, depending on the terrain. The APOBS provides a lightweight, self-contained, two-man, portable line charge that is rocket-propelled over AP obstacles from a standoff position away from the edge of the obstacle.
Preliminary hazard-analysis work sheet countegmine M