“On Truth and Lie in an Extra-Moral Sense”) is an (initially) unpublished work of Friedrich Nietzsche written in , one year after The Birth of Tragedy. It deals. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Nietzsche has been proclaimed the seminal figure of modern philosophy as well as one of the most creative and critically. This post is part of my ongoing blogging project called “Critical Theory Down to Earth.” In these posts I provide summaries of and brief.
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Nietzsche – “On Truth and Lie in a Nonmoral Sense” | Critical Theory Research Network
Though it precedes many of his more well-known writings, it is considered by some scholars to be a cornerstone of his thought. In this essay, Nietzsche attempts to view the entirety of human existence from a great distance and concludes by rejecting altogether the idea of universal constants. The essay is an investigation of the epistemological nature of objective truth and, most extensively, the formation of concepts through the generalization of unique stimuli. In many ways his argument reflects the influences which he encountered during his time at the Universities of Bonn and Leipzig where he studied philology, the interpretation of ancient and biblical texts.
Nietzsche highlights that there was a universe that existed before man and his intellect, and there will continue to be the same universe, almost entirely unaffected, after man has died out. The intellect operates out of preservation to deceive man into believing he has an importance in the universe which he simply lacks.
However, it is only in forgetting that these designations were made arbitrarily that man can believe himself to possess any notion of truth. Even language, proposes Nietzsche, is lacking in truth because words are merely imperfect metaphors for a unique stimulus.
Likewise, the concepts of time and space which govern the empirical sciences are manmade inventions, but do nierzsche necessitate truth.
Thus, in the first part of his essay, Nietzsche proposes that there is no universal objective truth, and that the concepts of language are powerless to communicate total truth. In the second section of the essay, Nietzsche compares the actions and lives of two hypothetical figures: The intuitive man is one who lives outside or nonmkral of the concepts which the rational man regards as truth.
Drawing on elements of the Greek mythology he studied in his university years, Nietzsche credits the intuitive man as the source of creativity which in turn allows for the establishment of civilization. Though he acknowledges the intuitive man is susceptible to greater disappointment, Nietzsche proposes that while the intuitive man is vulnerable to deeper suffering, and even more frequent suffering, the rational man will not experience as great or frequent of joys as the intuitive man.
The importance of Nietzsche as an author and philosopher is undeniable, and the vast amount of secondary literature on his writings has elevated him to an echelon of few peers.
Writing in an age of rapid technological advancement and increased faith in empirical sciences as well as man-made catastrophes such as the Great Depression in the United States, Nietzsche calls into question the merit of these developments.
The Nietzsche Channel: On Truth and Lie in an Extra-Moral Sense
Such lines of thought are foundational to other important philosophers such as Michel Foucault, whose book, The Order of Thingsasserts that man has become the servant of language. For Nietzsche this issue is foundational to the other two and must be answered first. Steinthal, founder of a friedricb entitled Journal for Comparative Psychology and Linguistics and author of Grammar, Logic, and Psychology: Their Principles and Relations to Anotherasserted that the evolution of various languages was rooted in unconscious and pre-rational psychological drives.
Nietzsche finds truth in the unique stimuli which man encounters, but ssnse progress and exploration seek to rationalize these stimuli into clearly defined laws in the same way man rationalized language into a historicized and scientific study. Section 2 In lkes second section of the essay, Nietzsche compares the actions and lives of two hypothetical figures: Interpretations and Analyses The importance of Nietzsche as an author and philosopher is undeniable, and the vast amount of secondary literature on his writings has elevated him to an echelon of few peers.
Schacht, Nietzsche on Philosophy: On the Advantage and Disadvantage of History for Life.