handboek over metalen ramen wees J. Wieland er in op dat dankzij het Le panneau Gyproc classique d’Eternit était recouvert d’un papier de couleur. Gyproc, Fermacell, Renggli AG and for all the technical data we could [2] SBR (several authors), „Handboek houtskeletbouw‟, , SBR. handboek over metalen ramen wees J. Wieland er in op dat dankzij het end of the s onwards, Gyproc-Benelux also produced the Metal-Stud.

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Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories. An oven consists mainly of stainless steel and electronic components, and has an average life span of approximately cycles. Figure 1 System outline with process steps in the life cycle of the four funeral techniques In all cases the subject of study is the funeral of an average deceased person in the Netherlands. For simplicity reasons it has been assumed that the majority of the relatives choose to keep the urn at home, and not in a grave or a columbarium.

This principle is used when applying the shadow price method. In relevant cases it is indicated to which extent in percentage this process was accounted for in the calculations.

A part of this subjectivity can be avoided by using several weighing methods, like ReCiPe handboem the Ecoindicator 99, and by comparing the results with the different methods. This way, leaching to the environment is for the time being strongly reduced. In this context Yarden follows new developments and invests in them. April 1, March 31, Scope: This analysis investigates how large the influence is of this choice.

Scattering over land is thus again the option with the lowest environmental effect. By means of varying the input data, this analyses checks how sensitive and dependent the results are uandboek the input data. If a flow is small, difficult to quantify and is expected to have a small contribution to the total results, it has been left out of the calculations.


Medicines in general do not appear to give rise to problems in funeral techniques. The environmental impact of this scenario of cryomation is gandboek than in the standard situation; the total shadow price of a cryomation is now 9 Hnadboek, which means a reduction of about 3.

Special attention has been paid to the emissions from cremation ovens which are specific for the Netherlands due to filters required to meet the regulations. According to Resomation Ltd, prostheses can be reused.

Environmental impact of different funeral technologies

The average deceased would, as a consequence, have a range of materials, but by including all of these materials the results of the study would be clouded, where clarity was particularly one of the goals. However, the last handboeek, based on the water analysis of Anderson [Anderson, ], shows a whole different picture: The higher the numbers, the higher the environmental impact. The body, wrapped in a biodegradable bag, is placed in a reusable bucket made of stainless steel.

For cryomation compensation also occurs, but a net environmental impact remains. Therefore just two categories of materials have been taken into account. Cryomation Ltd suggests a biodegradable box. Activated carbon from broiler litter: The data used in the calculations are presented in table 9 in appendix C.

As a basis for the calculations, a research by Forbes was used that, despite being over twenty years old at this moment, is one of the most complete and most frequently referred researches in this field. The total eutrophication effect of an emission is converted to ghproc of PO 4.

The question is however, which share of metals and minerals gproc in the bones and thereby reaches the soil and water as a consequence of scattering or burial, and which amount goes to the regional waste water treatment plant.

For gyprkc third option, keeping in an urn, it has been assumed that the urn is specially made and bought; the three most common types of urn have been included in the analysis. At this moment, very little is known about how the techniques handhoek evolve. To get an indication of the un certainty of the results, sensitivity analyses have been carried out for the destination of hanrboek remains, composition of the waste water, use of utilities in the processes, type of cryomation burial monument, assumptions for metal recycling and the composition of the coffin.


The functional unit in this research is defined as the treatment of the mortal remains of one average deceased in the Netherlands. Metals involved are grips and ornaments but also surgical metals from orthopedic implants. Terrestrial ecotoxicity Photochemical oxidation Land competition Figure 9 – Environmental impact, expressed in shadow prices, of four funeral techniques: Se identifican algunos limitantes en la implementacin de la tamizacin neonatal expandida por espectrometra de masas en tndem, pero tambin se muestra la oportunidad para identificar handboeo graves que afectan la morbilidad y la mortalidad infantil.

Argentina: Buenos Aires

Information about distribution factors was not available, therefore figures for SO 4 have been used as a proxy. The burial bar is quite different from the other bars. In determining the environmental relevance of metals it is essential to discriminate between processes that take place in the life of the deceased and processes that are inextricably bound to the funeral.

The ships leave port about every six weeks, which yields an average of ash cans per trip. In short, this research considers the funeral process that the deceased undergoes, not the activities preceding that.

In practice this was not always the case, hence the correction. Printed circuit board [EDP 0 ] 1.

This was done for all variations for burial of the cryomated remains. Revealing the costs of air pollution from industrial facilities in Europe a summary for policymakers A new European Environment Agency EEA report, Revealing the costs of air pollution handdboek industrial.

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