KAPO Z AUSCHWITZ PDF

Les kapos d’Auschwitz / Charles Liblau. Publication | Library Call Number: D 5.A96 L Uniform Title: Kapo z Auschwitz. French. Format: Book. Kapo odpowiedział, Auschwitz: wspomnienia adwokata z obozu koncentracyjnego / Ignacy Radlicki. Publication | Library Call Number. ISBN: OCLC Number: Notes: Translation of: Kapo z Auschwitz. Description: pages, [4] pages of.

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Nieznane zdjęcia z egzekucji oprawców ze Stutthofu

Prisoner numbers in the system of German Nazi concentration camps. The prisoner numbers have become a synonym of dehumanization that struck the deportees of the concentration camp. These numbers were to serve efficient “management” of camps, performed by the SS teams. Within the whole system of “state concentration camps” of III Reich, there was no a single rule of ascribing the numbers to the prisoners.

Usually, there were subsequent numbers issued for the newly arrived prisoners as it was in KL Auschwitz. In some camps e. In such cases, one number could belong to one or even three persons.

Nieznane zdjęcia z egzekucji oprawców ze Stutthofu

Prisoners transported from one camp to another obtained a new number every time. The number was used instead of last names on every day basis, as the spelling was often ambiguous, causing fuss in the documentation. While analyzing the records in the original documentation, one last name could be written in several manners, regarding which language was used by the camp writer, who filled in a particular form. It principally refers to Russian, Polish or Hungarian names, especially difficult for German writers.

Numbers ascribed by camp authorities to those deported to KL Auschwitz became their second name during their incarceration. Being awaken in the middle of the night, they needed to be auscchwitz to provide their number in German. Those who survived were unable to forget them.

The prisoner numbers were issued chronologically to the newly arrived in KL Auschwitz, similarly as in the majority of German Nazi concentration camps. Therefore, the prisoner number allows us to determine a specific date of deportation.

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However, when the camp functioned, there were several number series applied – separate for women and for men, and also for various prison categories-groups.

Budy / Auschwitz sub-camps / History / Auschwitz-Birkenau

These series were prepared by camp administration, regarding the needs, as new transports continued to arrive. Jointly, about of prisoner numbers were issued in all series. Below, we would like to present separate number series applied in KL Auschwitz from Maywhen the first 30 numbers were ascribed to criminals audchwitz arrived from KL Sachsenhausen, to Januarywhen the camp was released by the Red Army.

Numbers of general series of men and women were issued from the beginning of the camp operation May until its evacuation January The first 30 numbers were ascribed to criminal prisoners – Germans BV category – Berufverbrecherwho arrived auuschwitz the camp on 20 May At least numbers were issued totally in the period of five years.

The main female series was started on 26 Marchwhen the first female prisoners came to the camp from Ravensbrueck. Similarly as it was in case of men, the first transport mostly included criminal and so called asocial prisoners, who afterwards played roles of block supervisors and aushwitz in the female camp.

Until the end of the camp’s operation, the women of various nationalities were ascribed with around 90 numbers of that series. There were jointly ausxhwitz 12 prisoner numbers issued with a letter “R”. According to its definition, this category was to serve “upbringing” and “educating” through staying in the camp.

Usually, kaapo Poles incarcerated with this category, had violated some regulations of employment and work discipline, which they had been forced to perform by occupational authorities before incarceration.

The men and women with this category were theoretically incarcerated for the period of 6 – 8 weeks, but in practice they remained in the camp for an incomparably longer time. The “EH” prisoners were registered in the camp since 16 July There were jointly numbers for men and for women issued with “EH” category in the camp.

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Beginnings of ascribing “Z” series numbers to Roma are connected with their first transport sent by the Nazis to the Auschwitz camp from Germany on 26 February In total, there were 20 Roma registered, coming from countries occupied by the Germans. Among them there were 10 women and girls, and 10 men and boys.

More than 10 thousand of people registered in the books were children and youth below 15 years old. There were more than Roma children born in the camp – out of them died.

The biggest group of those deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau were Jews from more than 20 Auscjwitz countries. Untilboth Jewish men and women were ascribed with numbers from general series. In Maythe camp authorities decided to distinguish all Jewish prisoners with a separate system of numbered series.

An assumption was to start the Jewish women and men series with subsequent letters of the alphabet. In such a system, from May until the end of the camp’s functioning, there were.

They were not official prisoners of the camp. They just waited in KL Auschwitz for court decisions. In practice, majority of them were sentenced by the drumhead-court martial to execution by firing squad. Only Poles were the police prisoners.

It is estimated that around numbers were issued in this series. The scope of numbers. Their use kaapo not tarnish the good reputation of the victims of KL Auschwitz.

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