La Guemara. Le Talmud de Babylone. Sanhédrin. Tome 2. [Collectif] on Amazon. com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. pages. in8. broché. Un vol. Get this from a library! La Guemara. . 1, Chabbat, [I-II]. [Élie Munk; Désiré Elbèze;]. , Hebrew, Aramaic, French, Book edition: [Masekhet Betsah] = Traité Beitsa: la Guemara: l’édition classique de Vilna accompagnée de notes explicatives.
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March Learn how and when to remove this template message. By convention, a reference to the “Gemara” or “Talmud,” without further qualification, refers to the Babylonian version.
Not to be confused with Gamera. If a principle is ls as a generalization, the gemara clarifies how much is included; if an exception, how much is excluded.
All statements are examined for internal consistency. Prooftexts quoted to corroborate or disprove the respective opinions and theories will include:. The disputants here are termed the makshan questioner, “one who raises a difficulty” and tartzan answerer, “one who puts straight”.
It seeks to answer under which circumstances a statement is true, and what qualifications are permissible. This analysis is aimed at an exhaustive understanding of the Mishna’s full meaning. Views Read Edit View history. Articles needing additional references from March All articles needing additional references Interlanguage link template link number Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia. The analysis of the Amoraim is generally focused on clarifying the positions, words and views of the Tannaim.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Every aspect of the Mishnaic text is treated as a subject of close investigation.
If a statement appears obvious, the Gemara ls the logical reason for its necessity.
Gemara – Wikipedia
In the Talmud, a sugya is presented as a series of responsive hypotheses and questions — with the Talmudic text as a record guemarra each step in the process of reasoning and derivation. If a statement is not clear enough, the Gemara seeks to clarify the Mishna’s intention. There are two versions of the Gemara.
Their discussions were written down in a series of books that became the Gemara, which when combined with the Mishnah constituted the Talmud. The main compilers were Revina and Rav Ashi. The gemara records the semantic disagreements between Tannaim and Amoraim. If they do, why do they differ? Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. In a narrow sense, the word Gemara refers to the mastery and transmission of existing tradition, as opposed to sevarawhich means the deriving of new results by logic.
The process of deduction required to derive a conclusion from a prooftext is often logically complex and indirect. Do certain authorities differ or not? The Gemara will often ask where in the Torah the Mishnah derives a particular law.
Roch Hachana, La Guemara Tome 1
In each sugyaeither guemata may cite scriptural, Mishnaic and Amoraic proof to build a logical support for their respective opinions.
Because there are two Gemaras, there are in fact two Talmuds: Often imputing a view to an earlier authority as to how he may have answered a question: Some of these debates were actually conducted by the Amoraimthough many of them are hypothetically reconstructed by the Talmud’s redactors.
Retrieved from ” https: The term “gemara” for the activity of study is far older than its use as a description of any text: This article needs additional citations for verification. Talmud Aramaic words and phrases Oral Torah.
The Gemara and the Mishnah together make up the Talmud. The rabbis of the Gemara are referred to as Amoraim sing. The Gemara thus takes the form of a dialectical exchange by contrast, the Mishnah states concluded legal opinions — and often differences in opinion between the Tannaim. The rabbis of the Mishnah are known as Tannaim sing. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. There is little dialogue. This page was last edited on 6 Decemberat Talmud Readers by Adolf Behrman.
Exploring the logical principles underlying the Mishnah’s statements, and showing how different understandings of the Mishnah’s reasons could lead to differences in their practical application. What underlying principle is entailed in a statement of fact or in a specific instance brought as an illustration?